INSTRUCTIONS: Answer Any Two (2) Questions From this section.

(i) Atmospheric Resources.
(ii) Water Resources.
(iii) Vegetation Resources.
(iv) Human Resources.
(v) Mineral Resources.
(vi) Land Resources.

(i) It provides water for human consumption.
(ii) It provides water for agriculture.
(iii) It is a source of underground water.

(i) It provides solar energy for drying clothes.
(ii) It is also used for drying agricultural products.
(iii) It is required or is a source of Vitamin D.

Environmental Resources refer to any useful item in the environment, or materials and substance that are useful to man.


Environmental Resources are useful things (both living and Non living) occurring naturally within a particular geographical location which are benefit to man, animals and plants.

The solar system is defined as a system comprising the sun, all the planets that revolve around it including their moons, the comets, meteoroids, asteroids and interplanetary medium.

(i) Earth Doesn’t Take 24 Hours to Rotate on its Axis.
(ii) A year on Earth isn’t 365 days.
(iii) Earth has 1 Moon and 2 Co-Orbital Satellites.
(iv) Earth is the Only Planet Known to Have Life.
(v) Plate Tectonics Keep the Planet Comfortable.
(vi) Earth is Almost a Sphere.
(vii) Earth is Mostly Iron, Oxygen and Silicon.
(viii) 70% of the Earth’s Surface is Covered in Water.
(ix) The Earth’s Atmosphere Extends to a Distance of 10,000 km.
(x) The Earth’s Molten Iron Core Creates a Magnetic Field.

(i) Jupiter’s Magnetic Field Is 14 Times Stronger Than Earth’s.
(ii) Jupiter Has 67 Moons.
(iii) Jupiter Has Been Visited 7 Times By Spacecraft.
(iv) You Can See Jupiter With Your Own Eyes.
(v) Jupiter Is The Fastest Spinning Planet In The Solar System.
(vi) Jupiter Cannot Become A Star.
(vii) Jupiter Is Massive.
(viii) Jupiter Has Rings.
(ix) The Great Red Spot Has Been Around For A Long Time.
(x) The Clouds On Jupiter Are Only 50 km Thick.

(i) The lines of latitude in conjunction with that of the longitude are used to determine the exact location of places on the atlas map.
(ii) Lines of latitude are also used to calculate the distance between two places on the earth surface.

Revolution of the earth is defined as the movement of the earth round the sun on it orbit. It takes the earth 365/366 days to complete one revolution.

(i) It determines a year: The time taken by the earth to move round the sun is fixed at 356/366 days which make up a year.
(ii) It causes season: In tropical areas like west africa, including Nigeria, there are two seasons – rainy season and dry season. This is caused by the revolution of the earth.
(iii) Changes in seasonal temperature: It is observed that summers are usually warm and bright, while winters are cold and dark in the arctic region. This is caused by the revolution of the earth.
(iv) Changes in the altitude of the midday sun: As a result of the earth’s revolution, the altitude (height) of the mid-day sun changes, resulting in Equinoxes and Solstices.
INSTRUCTIONS: Answer Only One (1) Question From this section.*
A settlement is a place where people live. Settlements can be as small as a single house in a remote area or as a large as a mega city (a city with over 10 million residents).

(i) adequate water supply: There must be adequate and dependable water supply for human use.
(ii)fertile soil: The soil must be fertile to promote agricultural activities.
(iii)land for building: Such land must be lowland and well drained for easy erection of buildings.
(iv)Good communication network: The presence of good roads, railway, airport etc. May promote easy settlement of people in a place
(v) Defence: The area should be well protected against invading enemies.

(i) provision of employment.
(ii) cultural/religious function.
(iii) residential function.
(iv) port activities.
(v) Recreational.


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