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(3a) Each candidate should be provided with the following groups of specimens 

Specimen A – Mature fresh eggs of catfish.

Specimen B – Fresh egg of domestic fowl (raw, with shell intact).

Specimen C – Picture/model/chart of uterus containing a foetus.

Specimen D – Longitudinal section of ovary of Pride of Barbados flower.

Specimen E – Leaf of Pride of Barbados.

Specimen F – Panicum plant/Guinea grass (whole plant).

Specimen G – Cocoyam plant/Caladium plant (whole plant).

Specimen H – Corm of cocoyam.

Specimen J – Dry humus in a beaker. 

Specimen K – Moist humus in a beaker.

Specimen L – Ripe orange fruit (whole).

Specimen M – Longitudinal section of coconut fruit.

Specimen N – Longitudinal section of fresh chilli pepper fruit.


(i) All specimens can be provided as group specimens for five (5) to ten (10) candidates.

(ii) All specimens must carry individual labels (e.g. A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, and N).

(3b) It is essential that each candidate should be provided with the following materials:

(i) hand lens/magnifying lens;

(ii) scalpel/razor blade /knife;

(iii) pair of forceps;

(iv) hand gloves;

(v) spatula;

(vi) Petri dish;

(vii) Fehling’s solutions A and B;

(viii) iodine solution.

(4) Report Forms are provided separately on which you are required to:

(a) supply the necessary information about the specimens;

(b) report on any difficulty in the conduct of examination;

(c) report any particular difficulty experienced by any candidate during the conduct of the examination, especially of the examiner would be unable to discover these from the scripts;

(d) carry out and record experimental observations as directed in the Report Form.

(5) You must enclose a completed Report Form in each envelope of scripts.





1.  Great care should be taken to ensure that the information given in items 2 and 3 below does not reach the candidates either directly or indirectly before the examination.

2.  In addition to the fittings and reagents normally found in a chemistry laboratory, the following apparatus and materials will be required by each candidate:

(a)  One burette of 50cm3 capacity;

(b)  One pipette, either 20cm3 or 25cm3. (All candidates at one centre must use pipettes of the same volume. These should be clean and free from grease).

(c)  The usual apparatus for titration;

(d)  The usual apparatus and reagents for qualitative work including the following with all reagents appropriately labeled;

(i)  Dilute sodium hydroxide solution;

(ii)  Dilute hydrochloric acid;

(iii)  Dilute trioxonitrate (V) acid;

(iv)  Silver trioxonitrate (V) solution;

(v)  Acidified potassium dichromate solution;

(vi)  Aqueous ammonia;

(vii)  Lime water;

(viii)  Red and Blue litmus paper;

(ix)  Dilute tetraoxosulphate (VI) acid;

(x)  Fehlings solution A & B.

(e)  Spatula;

(f)  Filtration apparatus;

(g)  One beaker;

(h)  One boiling tube;

(i)  Four test tube;

(j)  Methyl orange as indicator;

(k)  Glass rod;

(l)  Wash bottle containing distilled/deionized water;

(m)  Burning splint;

(n)  Watch glass;

(o)  Bunsen burner/source of heat;

(p)  Droppers;

(q)  Mathematical table/calculator.

3.  Each candidate should be supplied with the following, where ‘n’ is the candidate’s serial number.

(a)  150cm3 of a solution of HCL in a corked flask or bottle labeled ‘An’. These should all be the same containing 8.5cm3 of concentrated HCl per dm³ of solution.

(b)  150cm3 of Na2CO3 .10H2O in a corked flask or bottle labeled ‘Bn’. These should all be the same cointaing 5.0g of the hydrated salt per dm3 of solution.

(c)  One spatulaful of glucose in a specimen bottle labeled ‘Cn’. This must be the same for all candidate

(d)  One spatulaful of zinc oxide powder in a specimen bottle labeled ‘Dn’. This must be the same for all candidates.

4.  In all cases, more materials may be issued if required.

5.  The actual concentrations of A and B must be stated on the Supervisor’s Report Form. The candidates will assume that the concentrations are exactly as stated in the question paper.

6.  It should be noted that schools are not allowed to amend the information provided on the question paper or substitute any substance/solution for those specified in these instructions.


7.  The laboratory places should be numbered serially and the candidates should be allotted these places strictly in the order of their index numbers. The number of every specimen supplied to each candidate should be the same as his or her serial number.

8.  If a candidate is absent, his or her serial number should not be allotted to another candidate.

9.  If the candidates are divided into a number of sets, the serial numbers should be continued through the sets, so that no serial number is repeated.





(1)Great care should be taken to ensure that the information given below doesn’t reach the candidate either direct or indirectly before the examination.

(2a)The provision of specimens, materials and equipment  for the test Is your responsibility.

(2bi)Where a specimen is not readily available in sufficient quality it should be shared among small groups of candidates.

(2bii)Each Candidates should be provided with the followed specimens Labelled accordingly.

Specimen A : Earthworm

Specimen B : Termite

Specimen C : Loamy Soil

Specimen D : Sandy Soil

Specimen E : Water Trough

Specimen F : Feed Trough

Specimen G : Egg Candler(Real/Picture/Diagram

Specimen H : Scoop Net

Specimen I : Sugarcane

Specimen J :Pineapple Fruit(Whole)

Specimen K : Ginger (Whole)

Specimen L : Honey

Specimen M : Sawdust

Specimen N  : Wood shavings

Specimen O  : Electric Bulb

Specimen P  : Kerosene Lamp

Specimen Q : Charcoal Pot.





– A load of mass 100g concealed and labelled as P

– A load of mass 20g concealed and labelled as Q

– A set of masses m (40g, 50g, 60g, 70g and 80g)

– Metre rule

– 100cm piece of string 

– Stop watch

– Helical spring

– Retort stand set-up

– Knife edge 


– A rectangular block (glass or Perspex) measuring at least 10cm×9cm

– Drawing sheet

– Drawing board 

– Four optical pins

– Drawing pins

– Triangular prism

– Half metre rule

– Plane mirror


– 1Ω standard resistor labelled R

– Rheostat

– Voltmeter

– Ammeter

– Key/switch

– Source of emf, E=2F

  Ten connecting wires

– Resistance box

– Jockey 

– Metre bridge

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