NECO 2023 CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS STUDIES ESSAY AND OBJ ANSWERS

NECO 2023 CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS STUDIES ESSAY AND OBJ ANSWERS – EXAMKING.NET
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CRS-ESSAY -Answers
INSTRUCTIONS;Answer Four (4) Questions In ALL.
One (1) From Each Section
(1a)
In the beginning amidst the splendor and beauty of the newly created world God saw that Adam the first man needed a companion. Despite Adam’s stewardship over the animals and his connection with nature there was still a void within him that needed to be filled.

Out of his boundless love and care for Adam God decided to provide him with a helper someone who would be the perfect match for his heart and soul. With great anticipation God set forth to create a being that would complement and complete Adam in every way.

In his infinite wisdom God formed Eve the first woman from Adam’s rib. With meticulous care and attention he fashioned her with the utmost perfection – a delicate blend of beauty grace and strength. Eve was a gift from God a precious and invaluable jewel that would bring joy and companionship to Adam’s life.

As Adam awoke from a deep sleep he marveled at the sight before him. Amidst the breathtaking backdrop of the Garden of Eden he beheld Eve standing beside him radiant and full of life. Their eyes met and in that moment time seemed to stand still. Adam’s heart overflowed with gratitude and awe for God’s provision.

God had not only given Adam a companion but also a partner. Eve was to be Adam’s equal walking alongside him in life’s journey sharing in his triumphs and challenges. Together they would embark on the incredible adventure of cultivating and caring for the earth living in harmony with God’s creation.

The provision of Eve was an act of perfect love affirming the profound value and worth of human relationships. God’s intention was for Adam and Eve to experience a deep bond of love trust and unity reflecting the image of their Creator.

Throughout their lives Adam and Eve were blessed beyond measure by God’s provision of a helper. In Eve Adam found not only a source of companionship but also a mirror that reflected back to him the beauty of his own creation. Together they walked in perfect harmony with God and each other experiencing the divine purpose for which they were created.

Though sin eventually entered the world and disrupted the perfect harmony that once existed the provision of a helper for Adam remains a powerful testimony of God’s faithfulness and love. Even in the midst of trials and challenges God continues to provide helpers and companions for his children guiding them towards love unity and the fulfillment of their purpose.

(1b)
(i) The Union of Adam and Eve was believed to be a union ordained by God and was the first marriage in human history. It was considered a perfect and pure union without any flaws or conflicts. In contrast present-day marriages are based on individual choices and can be influenced by various factors like personal preferences compatibility and societal norms. Marriage today is seen as a human institution rather than a divine ordination.

(ii) The Union of Adam and Eve was a monogamous relationship with only one man and one woman coming together in marriage. In contrast present-day marriages can vary in terms of the number of partners involved. Polygamous marriages where a person can have multiple spouses are recognized and practiced in some cultures and religions today. This is a significant departure from the union of Adam and Eve which is seen as the model for monogamous marriages in many religious traditions

(1c)
(i) To cultivate and take care of the Earth: According to the book of Genesis in the Bible the first man and woman Adam and Eve were created by God to tend to and cultivate the Garden of Eden. They were given the responsibility to care for the environment and ensure its preservation and productivity.

(ii) To have fellowship with God: Another purpose for the creation of Adam and Eve was to have a personal and intimate relationship with God. They were created in God’s image and were meant to enjoy a close connection with Him walking and talking with Him in the garden. This fellowship was to bring them joy fulfillment and a sense of purpose in life.
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(2a)
Israel’s suffering is undoubtedly heartbreaking and has left many people questioning the extent of Eli’s parental irresponsibility. The consequences of his actions have had a profound impact on not only Israel’s childhood but his entire life. Growing up in an unstable and neglectful environment Israel was deprived of the love care and guidance that every child deserves.

Without a stable support system Israel endured emotional and psychological trauma that has undoubtedly affected his development. The absence of a responsible and nurturing parental figure has robbed him of a sense of security and belonging. His upbringing in an unstable environment has subsequently influenced his behavior and decision-making skills making it difficult for him to form healthy relationships and trust others.

Furthermore the lack of proper guidance in Israel’s life has likely led him down a path of poor choices and risky behavior. Without a strong to steer away from dangerous situations Israel may have been more likely to engage in activities that further perpetuate his suffering. This could include involvement in criminal activities substance abuse or other self-destructive patterns.

Moreover the long-term effects of parental irresponsibility on Israel’s mental health cannot be understated. The neglect and lack of consistent care have likely led to feelings of abandonment low self-esteem and a deep sense of loneliness. These emotional scars can continue to haunt Israel well into adulthood impacting his ability to form healthy relationships and achieve personal fulfillment.

It is truly disheartening to witness the impact of Eli’s parental irresponsibility on Israel’s life. The suffering he has endured as a result is a stark reminder of the crucial role that parents play in shaping the wellbeing and future of their children. It serves as a reminder of the importance of responsible parenting and the devastating consequences that can arise from neglecting one’s parental duties.

(2b)
(i) Respect for authority
(ii) Value of patience and perseverance
(iii) Importance of positive attitude
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(3a)
Elisha was a servant of God and prophet in Israel,whose period came immediately after Elijah.Naaman, the Syrian king’s army commander came to Elisha to be cured of his leprosy.Namaan was still at the gate when Elisha sent a servant to tell Namaan to go and wash himself in River Jordan seven times. The commander was annoyed because he thought Elisha would perform an instant miracle. But on persuasion by his servant, he went to wash himself and was completely cleansed.He came back with gifts for the prophet to show his appreciation, Elisha refused to collect anything from him. This was the point where the devil tempted Gehazi- the prophet’s servant.He went after Naaman and lied that his master had asked for some of the gifts to entertain some visitors who had just come. Naaman was delighted to part with the gifts.
Gehazi took possession of the gifts and hid them. His master asked him where he went but he lied to his master who already knew what he had done. Elisha pronounced instant judgment on him. Naaman’s leprosy came upon Gehazi instantly as he left Elisha’s presence as white as snow.

(3b)
(i) Disobedience leads to consequences: Gehazi’s dishonesty resulted in his own affliction with leprosy.
(ii) Greed can corrupt: Gehazi’s desire for material gain led him to lie and deceive.
(iii) Loyalty to one’s mentor is crucial: Gehazi’s betrayal of Elisha damaged their relationship.
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(4a)
According to St. Matthew’s account in the Bible the second temptation of Jesus occurs when the devil brings him to the pinnacle of the temple and tells him to throw himself down saying that the angels will save him. In response Jesus quotes scripture saying “Again it is written ‘You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.'”

The third temptation takes place when the devil takes Jesus to a high mountain and shows him all the kingdoms of the world offering to give them to Jesus if he falls down and worships him. Jesus firmly rejects the offer saying “Go away Satan! For it is written ‘The Lord your God shall you worship and him alone shall you serve.'”

These two temptations are related in their nature of testing Jesus and challenging his faith and loyalty to God. In both cases the devil attempts to deceive Jesus and tempt him into sinning. However Jesus remains steadfast in his obedience to God’s will and resists the devil’s temptations by quoting scripture and affirming his commitment to worship and serve God alone. Through these encounters Jesus demonstrates his unwavering faith and his refusal to compromise his divine mission.

(4b)
(i) Christians can learn from this to trust in God’s timing and plan for their own lives even when faced with temptations to take easier or quicker paths.

(ii) They should prioritize obedience to God’s word and use scripture as a source of strength and guidance when facing trials or temptations.

(iii) They can learn to prioritize spiritual growth and eternal rewards over the temporary pleasures and achievements that the world offers.

(5a)
As the two disciples walked along the road to Emmaus deep in their sorrow and confusion over the recent events surrounding Jesus’ crucifixion and death a stranger approached them. Little did they know that this stranger was none other than Jesus himself although his true identity was hidden from them.

He joined their conversation asking them what they were discussing with such intensity. The disciples were astonished that anyone could be unaware of the momentous events that had taken place in Jerusalem over the past few days.

One of the disciples named Cleopas spoke up sharing their sadness and disappointment “Are you the only one visiting Jerusalem who does not know the things that have happened there in these days?”

The stranger feigned ignorance asking “What things?”

The disciples proceeded to recount the crucifixion and death of Jesus their hopes shattered by his demise. They spoke of the rumors of his resurrection yet they were yet to be convinced.

Then the traveler began to speak. Starting with Moses and all the prophets he explained to them the Scriptures concerning the Messiah. He detailed how it was necessary for the Messiah to suffer die and then rise again according to God’s plan.

As they walked and listened to this stranger the disciples found themselves captivated by his understanding and knowledge of the Scriptures. They felt their hearts burning within them as if a fire of hope was being reignited within.

When they finally reached Emmaus the disciples invited the stranger to stay with them urging him not to continue his journey. It was almost evening and they wanted to hear more from him.

Sitting down at the table the stranger took the bread. He blessed it broke it and began to distribute it. In that simple act their eyes were opened and they recognized him. It was Jesus standing before them alive and resurrected.

But as soon as they realized who he was he vanished from their sight. Astonished and overwhelmed the disciples exclaimed “Were not our hearts burning within us while he talked with us on the road and opened the Scriptures to us?”

Filled with joy and renewed faith the two disciples immediately returned to Jerusalem to the other disciples who were gathered together. They shared the remarkable news eagerly proclaiming “It is true! The Lord has risen and appeared to Simon!”

Thus Jesus Christ’s appearance on the road to Emmaus not only revealed his resurrected glory to the disciples but also reignited their hope and faith in his divinity. It became a transformative encounter that would forever change their lives and the course of history.

(5b)
(i) Jesus is always with us: The disciples were saddened and confused thinking that Jesus had left them. However Jesus appeared to them on the road illustrating that he is always present even in our moments of doubt and despair. This teaches us that no matter what challenges we face Jesus is walking alongside us ready to guide and comfort us.

(ii) The importance of Scripture: During their conversation Jesus spoke about the prophecies relating to the Messiah. This highlights the significance of studying and understanding the Scriptures. Just as Jesus opened their minds to the truth of the Word of God we too should diligently study the Bible to deepen our knowledge and understanding of God’s plan and purpose for our lives.

(iii) Recognition through communion: The disciples recognized Jesus when he blessed and broke the bread. This signifies the importance of partaking in communion where we remember and honor the sacrifice of Jesus. Through this act we can experience a deeper connection with him and perceive his presence in our lives. It reminds us that Jesus is not only physically present but also spiritually present offering us nourishment guidance and fellowship.
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(6a)
Philip was the founder of the church in Samaria. His going to Samaria was as a result of the great persecution of the church in Jerusalem. After the death of Stephen, the members of the early church were persecuted severely and the church became disorganized. As a result, the members were scattered to different nations around Jerusalem. Some went to Judea, some to Samaria but the apostles remained in Jerusalem.
Philip went to Samaria and preached the gospel there, he also worked wonders among the people. He healed the sick and cast out demons. As a result, many of the people of Samaria accepted the gospel and were converted. He baptised them in the name of Christ, when the apostles in Jerusalem heard this, they were happy and sent Peter and John to join Philip in establishing the church. When Peter and John arrived, they laid hands on the believers and they all received Holy Spirit.

(6b)
(i)Miracles and Wonders: The Holy Spirit empowered Philip to perform miracles such as healing the sick and casting out demons. These supernatural acts demonstrated the presence and power of the Holy Spirit, drawing the attention of the people and leading many to accept the gospel.

(ii)Conversion and Baptism: The Holy Spirit worked in the hearts of the people of Samaria, leading them to accept the gospel message preached by Philip. Many were converted and baptized in the name of Christ, indicating the transformative work of the Holy Spirit in changing lives and bringing about a spiritual rebirth.

(iii)Impartation of Spiritual Gifts: When Paul arrived in Samaria, they laid hands on the believers, and they received the Holy Spirit. This impartation of the Holy Spirit’s gifts showcased His role in equipping and empowering believers for ministry and service within the newly established church in Samaria.

(7a)
Jesus Christ’s description of Himself as the living bread is found in the Gospel of John Chapter 6. It begins with Jesus feeding a multitude of people with just five loaves of bread and two fish. The crowd is amazed by this miracle and begins to follow Jesus hoping to witness more wonders.

Realizing that the people are seeking Him because of the physical bread they received Jesus takes the opportunity to teach them about a deeper spiritual truth. He tells them “I am the bread of life. Whoever comes to me will never go hungry and whoever believes in me will never be thirsty” (John 6:35).

Jesus uses the analogy of bread to explain that just as physical bread sustains the body He is the spiritual sustenance that nourishes and satisfies the soul. He declares that faith in Him grants eternal life and that by consuming Him symbolically through faith one will find spiritual nourishment and fulfillment. Jesus emphasizes that His teachings and presence are essential for experiencing true life drawing a parallel between the physical sustenance of bread and the spiritual sustenance of His teachings and presence.

This teaching is initially met with confusion and disbelief by some of His followers who find it difficult to comprehend the idea of eating His flesh and drinking His blood. Jesus goes on to explain that His flesh and blood represent the sacrifice He will make on the cross offering Himself as a means of atoning for the sins of humanity.

(7b)
(i) Sustenance for the soul: Just as physical bread nourishes and sustains the body Jesus as the living bread provides spiritual sustenance for the soul. Through faith in Him believers can find true satisfaction and eternal life.

(ii) A symbol of sacrifice: Jesus describes His flesh and blood as the bread and wine of the New Covenant symbolizing His forthcoming sacrifice on the cross. By partaking in the sacrament of Communion believers remember and participate in Jesus’ sacrifice symbolizing their partaking in His life and salvation.

(iii) A source of eternal life: Jesus offers the promise of eternal life to those who believe in Him. By accepting Him as the living bread believers receive the gift of forgiveness salvation and the hope of living in communion with God forever.
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(8a)
In St. Paul’s epistle to the Romans, he admonished Christians to be law-abiding. Every authority on earth belongs to God. No government on earth ever existed, without the knowledge of God. If this is the case, to resist the government amounts to resisting God and such resistance may attracts the wrath or judgment of God.
St. Paul said rulers are not a terror to good conduct but to bad conduct. People should, therefore, not fear those in authority, provided they do what is good. For conscience purposes, people should be subject to those in authority.. St Paul expects Christians not only to be law- abiding but also do that which is expected of them at the right time and at the right place

(8b)
(i)Cultural Relevance and Engagement: Christian leaders face the challenge of remaining culturally relevant and engaging younger generations while addressing contemporary social issues in a way that aligns with their faith.

(ii)Doctrinal Differences and Denominational Divides: The diversity of doctrinal interpretations and denominational divides within Christianity can lead to theological disagreements and hinder collaborative efforts among Christian leaders.

(iii)Ethical and Moral Dilemmas: Navigating complex ethical and moral dilemmas, such as issues related to gender, sexuality, and medical advancements, while upholding traditional Christian values poses a significant challenge for Christian leaders.
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(9a)
In the book of 1 Peter in the New Testament, Christian leaders are encouraged to exhibit qualities of humility, servant hood, and genuine care for their followers. The apostle Peter emphasizes the importance of being shepherds to the flock entrusted to them by God. Leaders are called to lead by example, demonstrating integrity, moral conduct, and a willingness to serve rather than exploit.
Peter urges leaders to not lord their authority over others, but to be models of Christ-like behavior. They should exercise oversight willingly, not for personal gain but out of a sense of responsibility. Christian leaders are expected to nurture, guide, and protect their followers, just as a shepherd cares for their sheep. This involves being compassionate, approachable, and supportive, helping followers grow in faith and spiritual maturity.
Ultimately, the relationship between Christian leaders and their followers should be marked by mutual respect, trust, and a shared commitment to the teachings of Christ. The principles outlined in 1 Peter highlight the importance of humility and selflessness in leadership, with the goal of fostering a healthy and nurturing community of believers.

(9b)
(i)Cultural Shifts and Moral Relativism: Christian leaders often find themselves navigating a rapidly changing cultural landscape where traditional values and beliefs are increasingly challenged by secularism, moral relativism, and shifting societal norms. This can create tension between adhering to biblical principles and engaging with a diverse and sometimes conflicting worldviews.

(ii)Leadership Integrity and Accountability: Maintaining high standards of integrity and accountability is a significant challenge for Christian leaders. Instances of moral failure or financial impropriety among leaders can undermine trust and credibility within their congregations and broader communities.

(iii)Doctrinal Disagreements and Division: Christian leaders often contend with theological and doctrinal disagreements within their congregations and denominations. These differences can lead to division, conflict, and the potential for splintering.••••••
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