– Specimen A – Wooden feed trough
(I) Wooden feed can be used as a feeding platform or trough for livestock such as pigs cows and horses.
– Specimen C- Chicken wire mesh
(i) Chicken wire mesh is commonly used to create a secure enclosure for chickens or other small animals.
(i) wood can absorb moisture and bacteria making it difficult to clean and sanitize
(ii) wood can crack and splinter creating sharp edges that can injure the birds
(iii) wood can be more expensive than other materials like plastic or metal
(iv) wood can break down over time and require frequent replacement.
(i)it has lightweight and easy to move and clean
(ii) it is durable and long-lasting
(iii) it is resistant to moisture and bacteria
(iv) it is relatively cheap compared to other materials like metal.
(i) it is strong and durable providing protection from predators
(ii) it allows for good ventilation while also keeping birds contained
(iii) it is relatively cheap and easy to work with.
(PICK ANY FOUR)
(i) Cleaning and disinfecting the brooder
(ii) Ensuring adequate ventilation
(iii) Adjusting the temperature of the brooder
(iv) Providing a clean water supply
(v) Implementing strict biosecurity measures to prevent diseases
(vi) Inspecting the brooder area for signs of potential hazards.
(i) Opening of the beaks wide and pant to dissipate excess body heat
(ii) Spreading of the wings to increase airflow.
(i) Huddling close together to conserve body heat
(ii) Fluffing of feathers to create a layer of insulation to retain body heat.
(i) Exhibit a calm and contented demeanor
(ii) They move around freely exploring their surroundings.
(PICK THREE ONLY)
(i) Leads to air pollution
(ii) Increased fire risk
(iii) Poor temperature control
(iv) Inefficient fuel consumption
(v) Ash and residue accumulation
(i) Used to provide artificial lighting in animal production facilities
(ii) Used for brooding day-old chicks
(iii) Used as a supplemental heat source in animal housing
(iv) Used to provide localized heat in specific areas
(v) Helps to maintain the circadian rhythm in animals.
(i) Preparing the hide or skin
(i) Making shoes belts bags and other accessories.
(ii) Upholstering furniture and car seats.
(iii) Making jackets coats and other fashion items.
(iv) Making gloves and sports equipment such as footballs and baseball gloves.
(v) Making book covers wallets and other small leather goods.
(i) Food: The Africa giant land snail is a nutritious and tasty delicacy enjoyed by many people in Africa and other parts of the world.
(ii) Medicine: The snail is used in traditional medicine for treating various ailments.
(iii) Environmental indicator: The presence of the snail in an ecosystem indicates a healthy ecosystem with a well-balanced food chain.
(i) Production of sperm cells: The testes produce and store sperm cells that are necessary for reproduction.
(ii) Production of testosterone: The testes produce testosterone a hormone that is responsible for the development of male sexual characteristics and the regulation of the male reproductive system.
(i) Control overpopulation of male animals: Castration can help to control the population of male animals and prevent unwanted breeding.
(ii) Improve meat quality: Castrated animals generally have better meat quality than intact animals since castration decreases aggressiveness and may reduce the risk of boar taint in male pigs.
WAEC ANIMAL HUSBANDRY PRACTICAL SPECIMENS
SPECIMEN A: Wooden feed trough;
SPECIMEN B: Plastic cylindrical feeder;
SPECIMEN C: Chicken wire mesh;
SPECIMEN D: Day old chick (live)
SPECIMEN E: Coal pot,
SPECIMEN F: Electric bulb;
SPECIMEN G: Leather
SPECIMEN H: African giant land snail
SPECIMEN I: Distilled water (labelled);
SPECIMEN J: Testes (ruminant)
SPECIMEN K: Knapsack sprayer ;
SPECIMEN L: Palm kernel cake;
SPECIMEN M: Plantain peels;
SPECIMEN N: Ear tag.
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